culture could influence the demands

By Day 5 Respond to at least one of your colleagues’ posts and explain how culture could influence the demands and expectations of settings within a system your colleague described.



wlI actually learned about the ecological model when I was in undergrad during an Adolescent Development class I took on a study abroad in Costa Rica. We had to write down examples of each system specifically relating to our personal life, and then volunteer to share our examples and why we put them there. It was a neat discussion.

What I like about the model provided for us in this week’s resources is that you can clearly see that the circles closest to the “self” are the ones the most influence. Because each systems causes the self to be less attached or focused on the other systems, they’re not balanced and become “rivals for dominance”, which makes sense, as this is true with systems in general (Caws, 516).

The most dominant systems include the microsystem and the exosystem. When I think of the dominance of the microsystem in my life and who that includes, I consider my family (parents, siblings, husband) and my peers (coworkers) and the heavy influence over them in my life, as well as the time I devote to them. The dominance that my microsystem plays on my life is noticeable, and does keep me from being as dominated by the other systems, like my exosystem.

For example, the expectation regarding my husband may include being home in the evening to cook him dinner, taking the time to grocery shop for him, going on dates or bringing him along to social gatherings, etc. could keep me from focusing on things that I include in my exosystem, such as focusing my time on schoolwork, visiting my neighbors as often, taking trips to visit long-distance friends, etc. This strain on the exosystem and other systems causes those systems to have less influence over my life, habits, decisions, etc.

Caws, P. (2015). General Systems Theory: Its Past and Potential. Systems Research and Behavioral Science,32(5), 514-521. doi:10.1002/sres.2353

Ecological Model. (n.d.). Retrieved from

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Methodical Review Discussion Assignment

Below is the last assignment. Please follow the directions as well as utilize the resources listed below. If you have any questions or concerns please let me know. The assignment is due no later than  January 25, 2019

Module 5 Readings and Assignments

Planning and Preparing a Final Research Report:!/4/2/2/4/2@0:0

Assignment 1: A Methodical Review

Using the Argosy University online library resources, locate a research study related to forensic psychology. Present an analysis of the article by addressing the following points:

Provide a brief overview of the problem being studied, the research design, and the participants being used for the study and the general findings of the study.

Identify the research question, independent variable, and dependent variable.

If you were the researcher conducting this study and found that you were not familiar with the particular research population, what steps would you take to prepare yourself to conduct the research with this population?

Was any deception used in this study? If so, why was this deception necessary? If not, do you think that the study would have benefited from any kind of deception?

What steps did the researcher take to protect his or her participants?

What are the limitations of the study’s design and/or implementation?

If you were the researcher, would you have conducted this study the same way in relation to ethics and protection of the participants? If not, what changes would you make?

Post your response in a minimum of 300 words.

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Sensation And Perception

Step 1:

Visit the TeenBuzz website at (opens in a new window). This site offers free ringtones that most adults cannot hear.  

2.The website includes a chart of ringtones that start at 8kHz (everyone should be able to hear) and go up to 22kHz (only those below age 20 can hear).  Starting with the 8kHz frequency, download* each ringtone one at a time and keep a list of which you can hear and make a note when you are no longer able to hear the ringtone.  

*There are four options for downloading the ringtones, depending on what type of device you are using.  Most students on a computer, laptop or Android device will click the green download button (MP3). Students using iPhones will click the blue/grey button (M4R format) and students using Windows phones will click on the red/orange button (WAV format).  There is no need to save the ringtones.

Step 2:

Thoroughly discuss the following:

1.Other than age, what factors may be both positively and negatively affecting your hearing?  For example, using headphones regularly or a history of ear infections may be negatively affecting your hearing while living in a rural area or rarely attending live concerts may have a positive affect on your hearing.  

2.When writing your initial post, please include the frequencies you could hear and whether your actual age is consistent with the age ranges given by the website. 

Important guidelines to follow:

Write at least a 300-word, well-developed and well-written response.  Use APA Formatting Guide to create accurate citations and documentation to give credit for any resource material used in your response

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description of this assignment.

Attached below is a detailed description of this assignment. Note: Please read all directions carefully and answer all questions carefully. Also, follow the rubric exactly, and use only readings from the textbook listed below and credible websites. The assignment is due no later than  January 28, 2019, Let me know if you have any questions or concerns.  

Module 5 Readings and Assignments

Planning and Preparing a Final Research Report:!/4/2/2/4/2@0:0
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Theories Or Ideas

  • Download the Applied Learning Assignment Template.
  •  Described in at least 150 words three different concepts, ideas or research findings 
  •  From the textbook, Psychology and life: Discovering psychology,20th read the following chapters                          
  • Understanding human personality 
  • Psychological disorders
  • I have already chosen my 3 topics and I ONLY need the first section of the template completed. Here are my topics
  • Comorbidity– add the co-occurrence of psychological disorders (Kessler et al., 2005) Include in text citations,APA standards
  • Etiology of psychopathology-summarize the biological approaches & the psychological approaches using very short brief descriptions of the 4 dominant psychological models of abnormality(psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, & sociocultural). Include in text citations, APA standards
  • Freudian psychoanalysis- summarize and discuss the psychosexual development. Please include Libido, 5 stages of psychological development, Oedipus complex,& structure of personality. Include in text citations, APA standards
  • Each topic must be separated into 3 paragraphs, must be at least 150 word but no more than 250 words per paragraph. I have used this service once before for this type of assignment and wasted my money because the tutor did not follow any of my instructions and I had to throw the whole thing out. I’m giving it one more shot. I have 4 days to turn it in. 
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Typical Reasoning

Assignment 2: —Typical Reasoning

People often take shortcuts in problem solving and quickly arrive at answers. Known as heuristics, these shortcuts may increase the speed of decisions but may also decrease the accuracy of those decisions. The experiment used in this assignment deals with inaccurate decisions based on the conjunction fallacy, where people think the chance of two events happening at the same time is greater than just one event occurring. However, the chance of one event occurring is greater than two events occurring; hence, the fallacy.

Access the CogLab demonstration Typical Reasoning. Follow the instructions to complete the demonstration. Next, answer the following questions:

  • For this demonstration, on average, do participants give higher ratings for single events or conjunctions of events? Based on the demonstration results, did you make your judgments by using objective probabilities? Why or why not?
  • What is a stereotype? How do stereotypes relate to the findings of this demonstration?
  • Respond to the following two situations:
    • You and two of your coworkers have just interviewed a candidate for a job opening at your law firm. Your boss asks you what inferences you made about the candidate during the interview. What can you do to maximize your likelihood of making a correct inference?
    • John is a young, energetic, muscular, and outgoing individual. Estimate the following for him:
  • He is tall and likes sports
  • He is tall, likes sports, and has lots of friends

Write your initial response in 4–5 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.  

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Work And Career Peer Response

Please include references in each response. Respond to each response separately.   Write 2 paragraphs for each response

Peer Response one (T.A)

Adults seek out jobs, select them, and sometimes ascend to positions of responsibility in their fields of work (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). When we graduated high school, many of us make the choice to go off to college and get a degree in a particular career field of our interest. And some of us, don’t take that path and instead settle with an 8-5 job. For many adults, having the career they dream about is very important to them. When I think of the word work, I think of people going to their everyday place of employment, doing work that they don’t necessarily enjoy. At some point in our lives, we have heard “it pays the bills.” For example, a person who is a waitress at a local restaurant. In other words, individuals are settling with the type of work they are doing. However, work in modern organizations is described as increasingly complex, ambiguous, and uncertain (as cited in Kuchinke, Cornachione, Oh, & Kang, 2010). On the other hand, a career is an occupation in which the individual actually enjoys going to work because the type of occupation they are in, they went to school for it. These are the individuals that say “I love my job.” For example, those who have gone to school to become a doctor.

Theoretical Foundations

According to Holland, a job or career typically makes demands on an individual that are compatible with one or more of the six models of orientations (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Those include, realistic, investigative, artistic, social enterprising, and conventional. These different orientations listed allows counselors to help their client with giving them an insight as to the different types of job that are out there. Based on a person’s personality, they will choose a job that is similar to their personality. For instance, those who are not afraid to speak against something that doesn’t seem right to them or who is a leader, they may choose a career in politics or become a lawyer. Or someone who seems to be supportive in listening to others problems or dilemmas may seek a career in counseling or nursing.

Super’s theorizing about career development focuses less on specifying the personal style or job types and more on describing the developmental processes that determine both emergence of one’s vocational concept and the multiple factors that influence job choices throughout the life span (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). The developmental process that is included in Super’s theory is the growth stage, the exploration stage, establishment stage, maintenance stage, and decline stage. We start out by exploring the different types of careers we want to have when we get older. For example, my six-year-old says he wants to be a firefighter when he grows up. He fantasizes about being a firefighter when he plays with his peers at school or when they had a career day at his school, he chose a firefighter. However, as he continues to grow, he may lose interest in becoming a firefighter so he looks at maybe becoming a police officer or join the military. Vocational self-concept is tentatively narrowed down, but often career choices are not finalized (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). When he reaches his mid-20’s he may find that being a police officer is not what he wants to do but instead he wants to be a dentist. And as he continues to grow into his 40’s he may want to seek another specialty in the dentist world so he will make that adjustment. And by his 60’s he will be ready for retirement.

Personal Reflections

I decided to pursue a career in Mental Health Counseling because for as long as I can remember, my uncle was the happiest person who would come to our family gatherings. He always told his nieces, when you go off into the real world, remember where you come from and help your people in any way you can with the career you choose. Five years later, he committed suicide because he was bottling up his feelings. From witnessing firsthand what military men and women go through while deployed overseas to my mother passing away and getting depressed to the devasting news that my uncle committed suicide, it struck a nerve. Something inside of me told me that I need to help individuals who are also bottling up their feelings about the things they are going through.  That I need to be the one to help them get back on their feet so that they can function again.

I believe the counseling profession will add meaning to my life by allowing me the chance to impact someone’s life and letting them know that although it may seem no one cares for them, there is someone rooting for their success. Erickson viewed women’s identities as necessarily provisional until they made an intimate life commitment; women were destined to be predominantly nurturing and accommodating (Newton & Stewart, 2010). Also, knowing that I may have the potential to save someone’s life. Having mental illnesses of some sort can be detrimental for some people, therefore, I think helping that individual get back on the right track would bring so much meaning to my life.

I also think that developmental changes in our lives have an impact on the type of career we pursue. For instance, I wanted to be a nurse but as I continued to develop, I realized that Nursing wasn’t for me. I didn’t want to stick people with a needle or do an EKG on them, instead, I wanted to have face to face conversations about what is going on with them. Women’s focus on it may remain relatively high in early middle age as women continue to develop their talents and careers; it may then remain stable or decline later in the period (Newton & Stewart, 2010). Also, the chances of having children may impact the type of careers we will have. For instance, my friend was going to school to become an interior decorator, however, since her second son was born with Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE), which is lack of oxygen and restriction of blood flow affecting the brain. Her son needs her help both physically and emotionally because he is unable to do certain things. Therefore, she decided to pursue a career as a Certified Nursing Assistant so that she can assist children like hers.


              In closing, we don’t always know what we want to do in life. Some of us may take a lot more time figuring out what exactly it is we want to do. We want to be satisfied with the career we chose because going to a job that makes us unhappy, to me, seems like a waste of time. We may see something that we may want to do as we get older but it doesn’t always work out the way we plan it. There may be times in which, the things that we actually want to do makes us change the direction we are headed and that is okay. We need to test the water before we decide to go swimming or not.


Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). Socioemotional and Vocational Development in Young Adulthood. The life span: Human development for helping professionals (4th ed.) (pp. 438-476). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education

Kuchinke, K. P., Cornachione, E. B., Oh, S. Y., & Kang, H.-S. (2010). All work and no play? The meaning of work and work stress of mid-level managers in the United States, Brazil, and Korea. Human Resource Development International, 13(4), 393–408.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Newton, N., & Stewart, A. J. (2010). The middle ages: Changes in women’s personalities and social roles. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 34(1),75–84.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Peer response two (C.R)

The idea of choosing a career can be stressful and scary to young adults as there is great importance placed on this task. When a young adult enters college they are pressured to decide on a major which is related to the career path they will take and as such is an important developmental task that occurs. On the other hand, young adults that choose to not go to college and immediately enter the work force must also choose what career path they wish to take (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). In addition, research has shown that career success and satisfaction depend on the idea of matching the characteristic’s an individual possess to the demands of the job chosen (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). The more confident an individual is in themselves is related to the likeliness they will make a good career choice for themselves (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Overall, self-concept and self-understanding are critical features of being able to choose a career path that will lead to success and happiness for the individual (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015).

Theoretical Foundations

                Holland’s Theory of Personality-Environment Types suggests that by early adulthood individuals have something called modal personal orientation which means that each individual has their own way to responding to certain social and environmental tasks that are presented to them (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Holland goes further to suggest that each individual can be categorized as one of six modal orientations which are formed based on the individual’s personality (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). For example, one of the six modal orientations are “social”, this category fits an individual that is social, friendly, cooperative, kind, and understanding; these individuals usually find success and happiness in the helping professions (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). On the other end of the spectrum in terms of the modal orientations is “enterprising”; these individuals also considered social but are also considered as attention-seeking, dominant, and talkative, therefore, these individuals are likely to find success and happiness in a sales position or an executive business position (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Furthermore, the six modal orientations include the already listed social and enterprising, but also include realistic, investigative, artistic, and conventional (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Holland believed that if individuals chose their career environments based on their personality types then they would be more likely to be successful and happy in their career endeavors.

                Although Super agreed with Holland that career satisfaction and happiness is dependent on an individual choosing a career that fits their personality, he went further in suggesting that an individual’s self-concept along with several other factors that have an influence on one’s career choices throughout an individual’s life span affect one’s overall career satisfaction (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Super proposed the idea of vocational self-concept; this idea includes one’s beliefs of their own personal and psychological characteristics, and how one assesses their life circumstances (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Young adults are considered by Super to be in a stage of development described as the exploratory stage; this is a stage where an individual has narrowed their potential career paths, however, no final decisions have been made yet (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). The first part of this stage is characterized by crystallization, this is where general career goals are made, which then leads into specification, this is where career goals and preferences are even more narrowed, thus finally ending this stage with implementation, this is where college graduation and the transition to full-time employment occurs (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). One of the main ideas of Super’s approach is that career development is a process that continues throughout the life span, much life one’s personal growth (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015).

                The forgotten half is a term given to those that choose to not go the college route (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Overall, the basic attitudes and beliefs about work and family life to not differ much if you compare those that do go to college and those that don’t; although having a good career is an important aspect of life for a great deal of young adults, having a family is another highly important aspect of life to young adults (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Although there is no shame in not going to college and taking a different route, research has proved than the chances of goal achievement and success declines significantly for those individuals that do not pursue a college degree (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Research supports the idea that high school students should have access to vocational counseling is beneficial to students, thus, providing students with the information needed to decide whether to pursue higher education or not (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015).

Personal Reflection

I took my first psychology course in high school; this course was Psychology 100 and counted as credit for high school as well as college. This course was the most interesting class I had ever taken, and from that one course I knew psychology was the field for me! So, I declared my major as psychology and eagerly began taking courses my freshman year of college. Throughout my undergraduate career I was unsure which field of psychology I wanted to go into, and it was not until I graduated with my bachelor’s degree that I decided counseling was the field for me. I always knew I wanted to help people for a living, and figured that counseling was the best way to incorporate helping people into my love for psychology. I believe the counseling professional will add meaning to my life in a number of ways. As I mentioned above, I always knew I wanted to help people and that is exactly what counselors do, they help people. Counselors are there to listen and support individuals through difficult times in their lives, they are there to let someone else know they do not have to go through life alone, and I believe the world is a better place because of counselors. Women are entering the work force in numbers that have not been seen in previous generations, in fact, in recent years women have outnumbered men in the psychology field (Bray, 2018; Clay, 2017).  It is no secret that women are typically seen as nurturing and caring than men, thus, counseling can be a good match to women who do possess these characteristics and qualities (Newton & Stewart, 2010). I believe that I definitely do possess these qualities and characteristics and that is why I believe I will be both successful, and happy, with my career choice.


 Overall, an individual’s career choice will greatly impact their quality of life and work satisfaction. It is important to consider one’s personality and personal characteristics when determining which career path to take. I will use apply my knowledge on career development in my future practice as a counselor by encouraging clients to choose a field they are passionate about; without passion work is just that, work. If you are passionate about what you are doing, then you will get more satisfaction out of your career and be more successful in life’s endeavors.


Bray, B. (2018). Speaking to the needs of women in counseling. Counseling Today. Retrieved from

Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The life span: Human development for helping professionals (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Clay, R. A. (2017). Women outnumber men in psychology, but not in the field’s top echelons. American Psychological Association, 48(7), pp. 18. Retrieved from

Newton, N., & Stewart, A. J. (2010). The middle ages: Changes in women’s personalities and social roles. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 34(1), 75-84. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

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Please read the requirements and use the attachment file for the reading to use three citations from the book as you would read in requirements. Thanks!! 

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Cultural Autobiography

I am a male , 21 years old, black, from middle class family, was bought up in church holiness very spiritual family. I like to play multiple sports, basketball, football and soccer. My favorite is basketball and football.

You will write a three pages paper to reflect your ethnicity, gender, socioe

conomic class, religion, spirituality, cultural values, age, privilege, and sexual 

orientation. In this paper, you can describe your cultural roots/heritage to demonstrate self -knowledge and awareness of yourself as a cultural being. 

In addition, describe how these factors influence your development as a person to date. Include specific life experiences that you consider relevant.

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